To get to know a city, be sure to check out his museum. Paris is a world-renowned metropolis of culture and art, and his museum is world-famous. Today, we introduce three major museums in Paris.
The Louvre is located on the north bank of the Seine in the center of Paris, France, and ranks among the top four historical museums in the world.
The Louvre was originally built in 1204. It was originally a royal palace in France. It has lived 50 French kings and queens. It is one of the most precious buildings in the French Renaissance.
It is now the Louvre Museum. After more than 800 years of expansion and reconstruction, it has reached the scale of today, covering an area of about 198 hectares and a total length of 680 meters. Its overall architecture is U-shaped, divided into new and old parts. The old one was built during the Louis XIV period and the new one was built during the Napoleonic era. The pyramid-shaped glass entrance in front of the palace covers an area of 24 hectares and was designed by Chinese architect Bei Mingming. On August 10, 1793, the Louvre Museum of Art officially opened to the public and became a museum.
The Louvre houses the statue of Venus, the Mona Lisa oil painting and the stone sculpture of the Goddess of Victory, which are known as the three treasures of the world. Ancient Eastern, ancient Egypt, and ancient Greek and Roman 6 categories. From the artworks of ancient Egypt, Greece, Etruria, and Rome to the works of art of the eastern countries, there are sculptures from the Middle Ages to the modern day, as well as an amazing number of royal treasures and paintings.
The Louvre has become a world-renowned art palace, and one of the largest art treasure houses is the Palace of Thousands.
Features: The complete and precious collection of paintings in the Louvre Painting Museum is unmatched by art museums in the world. The collection includes the statue of Venus, the Mona Lisa oil painting and the stone statue of the Goddess of Victory, known as the three treasures of the world. There are also a lot of antiques from Greece, Rome, Egypt and the East, as well as ancient relics from France and Italy. The Louvre Museum is famous all over the world, not only because of its rich and precious exhibits, but also because the museum itself is an outstanding art building.
The Musée d’Orsay is a national museum located on the left bank of the Seine, across the river from the Louvre and the Tuileries Gardens. It is one of the three major art treasures in Paris today. It houses 19th and 20th century Impressionist paintings, and Renault Garrett’s Mill Prom, Van Gogh’s self-portrait, Monet’s blue water lily and other works are all treasures of the town hall.
The Orsay Museum was rebuilt from the abandoned Orsay train station, which was abandoned for many years. It was opened at the end of 1986. After the reconstruction, the museum’s practical area is more than 57,000 square meters, with a total of 80 exhibition halls or showrooms, with an exhibition area of 47,000 square meters, of which 16,000 square meters are long-term exhibition halls.
The museum mainly displays Western art works created from 1848 to 1914, including wonderful collections of paintings, sculptures, decorations, photographs, and architectural drawings, showing a realism, impressionism, symbolism, separatism, Incredible artistic creativity in the era of masters of genre such as pictorial photography.
Its collection is extensive and profound, with a total of more than 4,700 works of modern art, covering almost all art categories such as painting, sculpture, furniture, handicrafts, architecture, and photography. Onore Dummier, Millet, Gustave Courbet, Caber, Edward Manet, Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne, Auguste Rodin, Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh, Calais, Jimard, Lalick, Redon, Morrow, Edward Weir, The works of the most famous artists from the second half of the 19th century to the early 20th century, including Pierre Bonal, Bourdelle, and Mayor, are among the collections.
Features: Architecture, sculpture, painting, drawing, photography, film, decorative arts are all on display here. The Orsay Museum exhibits a wealth of works of art on three floors in chronological order. The paintings on the first floor are mostly before the 1870s. Impressionism and post-impressionism are displayed on the Upper Level, and naturalism and symbolism are on the middle floor.
Centre Georges Pompidou
Centre Georges Pompidou, called the Pompidou National Arts and Cultural Center, is located on the north side of the Latin Quarter of Paris and on the right bank of the Seine, on the right bank of the Seine.
In 1969, the late President Pompidou decided to build the Pompidou Centre. The designers were the winners of 681 proposals from 49 countries. Renzo Piano in Italy and Richard George Rogers in the United Kingdom. Construction started in 1972 and was completed in 1977. , Opened in February of the same year.
It is a new and modern treasure house combining knowledge, art and life. People can absorb knowledge, appreciate art, and enrich their lives through modern technologies and methods.
The Centre Pompidou is a concentrated exhibition venue for French culture and art in the 20th century. Together with the Louvre Museum and the Musée d’Orsay, it wears a clear vein of the history of French cultural development. The building itself is a masterpiece of art belonging to the 20th century: a mammoth made of steel and glass pipes, and the outer walls are covered with colorful pipelines and steel trusses, making the entire building like a construction site under construction. In the building complex, it looks abrupt and weird, just like the Eiffel Tower and the glass pyramid in front of the Louvre.
The entire building covers an area of 7,500 square meters, with a total construction area of 100,000 square meters and 6 floors above ground. The outer steel frame is lined up, the pipes are vertical and horizontal, and according to different functions are painted red, yellow, blue, green, white and other colors. Because this modern building looks very much like a factory, it is also known as “refinery” and “cultural factory”.
The central building is 168 meters long from north to south, 60 meters wide and 42 meters high, divided into 6 floors. The support of the building is composed of two rows of steel pipe columns with a distance of 48 meters. The floor can be moved up and down, and the stairs and all equipment are completely exposed. The pipes on the east façade and the corridors on the west façade are covered by long round plexiglass covers. Inside the building is a modern art museum, library, and industrial design center. Under the small square to the south is the Music and Acoustics Institute. The center breaks the design conventions that cultural architecture should have, highlights the close relationship between modern science and technology and culture and art, and is the most typical representative of high-tech schools in modern architecture.
The whole building is divided into four parts: industrial design center, public information library, modern art museum, and music and vocal research center, for adults to visit, study, and engage in research. At the same time, the “center” also set up two children’s playgrounds. One is a “Children’s Library” with 20,000 volumes of children’s paintings and paintings. All the facilities such as desks and bookshelves are set according to children’s interests and needs. The other is a “Children’s Studio”, aged 4 to 12. Children can come here to learn painting, dance, acting, and crafts. The studio has staff dedicated to organizing and mentoring the children to cultivate children’s interest and intelligence, and help children improve their imagination and creativity.
Features: The Pompidou Center consists of four parts: a public library with a construction area of about 16,000 square meters; a museum of modern art, about 18,000 square meters; an industrial art design center, about 4,000 square meters; a music and sound research center, about 5,000 Square meters. Together with other ancillary facilities, the total construction area is 103,305 square meters. Exhibition halls, literary and philosophical seminars, and various performances are held from time to time on the lobby and the fifth floor of the Cultural Center, as well as film screenings and theater performances, which have become witnesses to contemporary art creation activities. The other floors are open-shelf libraries that receive an average of more than 10,000 people a day, making it the first free library in France.
In summary, the basic division of labor in France’s “three national museums” is as follows:
The Louvre Museum, showing works from before 1848.
The Orsay Museum, displaying works from 1848-1914 (World War I).
Centre Pompidou, showing works from the First World War.
Want to learn about the mysterious city of Paris? Check out these three museums in Paris!